When Children Have Children

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Babies born in the U.S. to teenage mothers are at risk for long-term problems in many major areas of life, including school failure, poverty, and physical or mental illness. The teenage mothers themselves are also at risk for these problems.

Teenage pregnancy is usually a crisis for the pregnant girl and her family. Common reactions include anger, guilt, and denial. If the father is young and involved, similar reactions can occur in his family.

Adolescents who become pregnant may not seek proper medical care during their pregnancy, leading to an increased risk for medical complications. Pregnant teenagers require special understanding, medical care, and education--particularly about nutrition, infections, substance abuse, and complications of pregnancy. They also need to learn that using tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs, can damage the developing fetus. All pregnant teenagers should have medical care beginning early in their pregnancy.

Pregnant teens can have many different emotional reactions:

  • some may not want their babies
  • some may want them for idealized and unrealistic ways
  • others may view the creation of a child as an achievement and not recognize the serious responsibilities
  • some may keep a child to please another family member
  • some may want a baby to have someone to love, but not recognize the amount of care the baby needs
  • many do not anticipate that their adorable baby can also be demanding and sometimes irritating
  • some become overwhelmed by guilt, anxiety, and fears about the future
  • depression is also common among pregnant teens

There may be times when the pregnant teenager's emotional reactions and mental state will require referral to a qualified mental health professional.

Babies born to teenagers are at risk for neglect and abuse because their young mothers are uncertain about their roles and may be frustrated by the constant demands of caretaking. Adult parents can help prevent teenage pregnancy through open communication and by providing guidance to their children about sexuality, contraception, and the risks and responsibilities of intimate relationships and pregnancy. Some teenage girls drop out of school to have their babies and don't return. In this way, pregnant teens lose the opportunity to learn skills necessary for employment and self survival as adults. School classes in family life and sexual education, as well as clinics providing reproductive information and birth control to young people, can also help to prevent an unwanted pregnancy.

If pregnancy occurs, teenagers and their families deserve honest and sensitive counseling about options available to them, from abortion to adoption. Special support systems, including consultation with a child and adolescent psychiatrist when needed, should be available to help the teenager throughout the pregnancy, the birth, and the decision about whether to keep the infant or give it up for adoption.
Visitor Comments (1)
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autumn - 10 months ago
0 1 1
I would add more information. Can be kind of boring and I need a lot of information for a research paper. Thanks any way and I expect more to be added in the next 2 weeks I will be checking and feel free to add more even earlier. By far your my worse source. You are actually good for actual pregnant teens but it should be for more than just them. Here are some interesting facts,7.2% of teens receive NO medical care,80% of teen pregnancies are unexpected,82% of teens think they should not have sex,1.5% of teen mothers don't get a college degree and 79% of pregnant teenagers are unmarried. Step it up come one you could do better. Ha I could do better and I'm twelve years old! I'm doing this website in my bibliography still but I am not happy with the low amount of information on this website. STEP IT UP!!!!! Because right now you suck! No wonder why your not a .org or . gov website because your lazy and don't take your time! Grrr very disappointed! You stink you stupid website!!!!!!!!!!! #1
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